Characteristic and Power assets of Odisha
Characteristic Resources of Odisha:
Assets in Odishacan be separated into following four classes:
- a) Minerals,
- b) Forest,
- c) Water and
- d) Land Resources
Odisha has a lot of a wide range of common assets like minerals, backwoods, water and land. We will talk about all these one by one
- a) Mineral assets:
Orissa has a lot of various minerals and vitality assets. The minerals like Iron metal, Manganese, Chromite, Bauxite and limestone’s are bounty accessible at better places of the State. Other than these minerals Orissa has a huge hold of coal at places like Angul, Jharsuguda and so on.
Orissa is first in India for-chromite mineral. Jajpur, Keonjhar, Dhenkanal are the regions which creates this metal Sambalpur, Bolangir, Kalahandi and Koraput delivers a lot of Bauxites for use in Aluminum industry. Sundergarh and Sambalpur are the spots which delivers limestone’s for bond and different businesses.
Orissa is one of the main focus in our nation for the generation of iron mineral Badampahad in Mayurbhanj, Keunjar, Jajpur and Sundergarh are popular for press metal hold. Orissa is first in the nation for the creation of manganese mineral. Sundergarh, Kalahandi, Keonjar, Bolangir, Koraput are where this metal is found.
- b) Forest assets:
The South-Western and North-Eastern storm gives enough rain fall in the state. The state gives a wide range of timberlands because of its land area.
The backwoods like evergreen, storm, tidal and mountain sorts are available are the state. These backwoods have many sorts of trees and plants making the state as one of the significant timberland assets of the nation. Almost 32 for every penny of the territory of the state is currently secured with timberland.
Numerous untamed life asylums are available at different parts of the state for preservation and insurance of woods creatures. Similipal in Mayurbhanj, Badrama in Sambalpur are renowned for tigers and different creatures. Chilikais celebrated for its fledgling’s asylum.
The backwoods of the state gives tree like Teak, Sal, Shisu, Khaira, and so on other than bamboos in planty. About eightly percent of woods in the state is of deciduous sort. This sort of backwoods gives numerous assortments of important tree for lodging and industry purposes. Other than this, timberland likewise gives kenduleaves in bounty for bidi industry.
- c) Water Resources:
Orissa has various of all shapes and sizes streams streaming over the state. Every one of the waterways closes in the Bay of Bengal. Out of all streams Mahanadi is the greatest one. It is begun at Amarkantakplateu of Mahdhya Pradesh. The length of the waterway is 858 km. Hirakud dam at Burla, Sambalpuris developed on the waterway Mahanadi. Indravati dam is built at Jeypore.
The dams are utilized for Hydro power age and water system purposes. The waterway frames a delta at Cuttack from which numerous Subsidiaries Rivers like Kathjodi, Kuakhia, Birupa and so on have turned out. Other than Mahanadi, there are different streams like Subamarekha, Budhabalang, Baitarani, Brahmani, Rushikulya, Bansadhara introduce in the states. There are two major lakes to be specific Chilika and Anshupa in the state. These two lakes are enormous fascination for the travelers and they give great nature of assortment of fishes.
- d) Land assets:
The state is partitioned into three zones as indicated by its territory structure. They are focal mountain locale, western slope district and beach front plain area.
The focal mountain locale is available halfway and is stretched out from North-East to South-west it is reached out from Similipal of Mayurbhanj to Malkangiri in South.
Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar, Angul, Baudh and Khandhamal, Nayagarh, Cuttack, Kalahandi, Koraput and Malkangiri are the states introduce in this area.
The Western slope area is available on the left of stream Mahanadi towards west of focal mountain locale. Sundergarh, Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Deogarh and so on are available in this district.
Mahanadi and Brahmani are available in the focal district however Tel, Indravati, Rushikulya, Bansadhara and so on are available in western Hill locale.
The waterfront plain area is reached out on east from Bay of Bengal on West to Eastern Ghat Mountain. The territory is stretched out on North from stream Subarnarekha to Rushikulya on South.
This plain has exceptionally fruitful soil thus delivers a lot of sustenance grains like rice, groundnut sugarcane and so on. Balasore, Bhadrak, Kendrapara, Jagatsinghpur, Puri and Ganjam are the areas display in this district. Every single real stream of the state go through this locale and fall in Bay of Bengal.
Power assets of Odisha:
Power assets in Odisha can be extensively isolated into two classifications
- a) Renewable Power Resources
- b) Non-Renewable Power Resources
The power arrange in Orissa or sustainable power source is overseen by the Orissa Renewable Energy Development Agency (OREDA). This body was set up in 1984 under the direction of the Department of Science and Technology, Government of Orissa. It was constituted as a State Nodal organization with the prime target of advancing the utilization of sustainable power source assets in the Orissa.
The following is a rundown of a portion of the imperative Power plants in Orissa
Talcher Super Thermal Power Station
The Talcher Super Thermal Power Station is a piece of the National Thermal Power Corporation’s in India. Arranged close Talcher in the area of Angul in Odisha this warm power plant is the nation’s second biggest power-creating station in India, with an introduced limit of 3000 MW.
Hostage Power Plant
Started by the Ferro Alloys Corporation Limited, one of India’s biggest makers and exporters of Ferro compounds the Captive Power Plant is a coal based hostage control plant set up close Randia in Orissa. Set up to fill the need for the organization’s close to home utilization this power plant in Orissa has 2 working units with an aggregate introduced limit of 420 MW.
Jharsuguda Power Plant
An autonomous power plant set up by the esteemed Vedanta Group was se up in Jharsuguda in Orissa. It is a solitary power plant of 2400 MW that has the ability to satisfy the power needs of nearly the whole state.
- b) Renewable Energy
While trying to advance the sustainable power arrange in Orissa the Renewable Energy Development Agency (OREDA) is wanting to advance breeze warm and sun based vitality by setting up new plants in relationship with the individual autonomous business visionaries, NTPC and other government bodies. The OREDA has so far distinguished more than 300 sections of land of no man’s land in Bolangir for its 3 noteworthy sun oriented power plants.
Asset Potentials – According to Orissa Renewable Energy Development Agency (OREDA)
Enhanced Chullahs-> 54,85,000
Sun based PV control ->14,000 MW
Little Hydros -> 156.76 MW
Biogas Plants ->6,05,500
Wind Energy ->236 MW
Waste to Energy-> 28.5 MW
Biomass control ->350 MW
Below are the major hydroelectric power plants of Odisha:
|Balimela Hydroelectric Project||Malkangiri||Godavari||Sileru|
|Hirakud Hydroelectric Project||Sambalpur||Mahanadi||Mahanadi|
|Machkund Hydroelectric Project||Koraput||Godavari||Machkund|
|Rengali Hydroelectric Project||Angul||Brahmani and Baitarni||Brahmani|
|Upper Indravati Hydroelectric Project||80 km from Bhawanipatna||Godavari||Indravati|
|Upper Kolab Hydroelectric Project||Koraput||Godavari||Kolab|