Give an account of the following: a) JALLIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE b) Nagpur session of INC in 1920 c) Khilafat movement d) Lahore conspiracy case


JBM: On Baisakhi day, a large, crowd of people mostly from neighboring villages, unaware ofthe prohibitory orders in the city, had gathered in this small park to protest against the

arrest of their leaders, SaifuddinKitchlew and Satyapal.The Army surrounded the gathering under orders from General Dyer and blocked theonly exit point and opened fire on the unarmed crowd killing around1000. The incidentwas followed by uncivilized brutalities on the inhabitants of Amritsar.

b)Nagpur session of INC in 1920

Nagpur session: Session of INC in 1920 where the Non cooperation movement got the sanction and approval of INC. The Congress decided to have the attainment of swaraj through peaceful and legitimatemeans as its goal.

c) Khilafat movement: The Khilafat movement (1919–22) was a pan-Islamic, political protest campaignlaunched by Muslims of India to influence the British government not to abolish the Ottoman Caliphate.The movement collapsed by late 1922 when Turkey gained a more favourablediplomatic position and moved toward secularism. By 1924 Turkey simply abolished theroles of the Sultan and Caliph.

d)Lahore conspiracy case: Bhagat singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were sentenced to death in the murder case of Saunders, the police official who was responsible for lathi charge on Lala Lajpat rai.