Odisha Planned Development
Planning is an important step for the synchronized development of anything and in relation to the state it plays an important for the equal growth and development of an area so that there will be no regional inequality and provide equal opportunities to all the people.
Odisha state government knows the importance of planning so they came with an effective planning programme .The State Government have considered it necessary to create an appropriate policy framework for transfer of Government Land to Development Authorities, allotment of land and properties by Development Authorities, establishment of Comprehensive Development Plan Infrastructure Development Fund and institutional mechanism required for implementation of Comprehensive Development Plan proposals and regulatory framework in an effective and efficient manner with a view to addressing the challenges in the present system of implementation of Comprehensive Development Plan and accordingly formulated the following CDP Land and Implementation Policy,2015.
State came with a master Plan of a city and surrounding areas is usually the guiding force for Urbanization. In context of Odisha, it is the Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP), the statutory document for guiding the process of Urbanization of larger urban areas. This is prepared and notified under the provisions of Orissa Development Authorities Act, 1982. The CDP creates a long term vision for development of a city and peripheral areas and provides frame work for organized Urban Development.
There are various challenges for the state to overcome the restraints in the process .
- It includes the process of Urbanization requires vacant lands, both government and private, to be developed for the purpose of urban settlements through the process of land assembly and planning. This process should be equitable, effective, and efficient and time bound.
- Next biggest challenge is to roll out all projects contained in CDP, mobilization of financial resources at unprecedented level is required. It requires other models and new financing options like CDP Infrastructure Development Fund (CIDF).
- Successful CDP implementation will require seamless coordination between land allotment, assembly, management, planning and development activities.
- Another issue is the task of building and expanding a city to the projected population will require involvement of multiple stakeholders including various departments of Government; therefore, same requires an effective Institutional Mechanism for steering and guiding the process.
- The challenge of environmentally sustainable and climate proofing of the development needs to be addressed by developing regulatory mechanisms for protection of wetlands, flood prone zones, Sustainable Urban Transport strategies through Transit Oriented Development etc. The CDP Land & Implementation Policy will address the challenges as stated above.
Various objectives of planning
The following objectives are envisaged to be achieved through this Policy:
1) Efficient allocation of Urban Land so that Urban Development is done in a resource conserving manner .
2) Government land will be available in adequate quantities at the right time and on reasonable prices to both Development Authorities & individuals.
3) Provide and made available access of land to the poor and marginalized sections of the society.
4) Equal distribution of land so that inequalities can be minimized.
5) Development of co-operative community and individual developers in the field of Urban Development and Housing through PPP model.
6) Establishment of CDP Infrastructure Development Fund (CIDF) for financing of urban development & social housing by leveraging land as a resource.
7) To provide for an effective and efficient institutional mechanism for coordinating the efforts of various departments and agencies in implementation of Development Plans.
The CDP Land & Implementation Policy (CLIP) proposes to facilitate Urbanization & Urban land markets as per following guiding principles:
1) Efficient – To make the system effective and efficient.
2) Inclusive & Equitable – Urbanization and land markets, which provides reasonable access to land and housing to all income groups.
3) Transparent – To make it more transparent so that it will be scrutinize by public.
4) Environment sustainable To make it environment friendly
5) PPP – It is the proffered mode for the development.
For planning purpose state has decided to provide planned development to all the towns of the state. Plaaning to provide efficient and effective services to the people of the state so that it will compete with the top states of the country.The Odisha Government has decided to prepare a master plan for all 106 towns in the next two years for monitoring the land use control in urban areas.
Preparation of master plan through the Geographical Information System (GIS) mapping and remote sensing survey was taken up in 53 towns.
Development plans for five places — Cuttack, Bhubaneswar, Khurda, Jatani and Choudwar — have already been completed and implemented.Similarly, draft plans for another nine towns — Puri, Konark, Sambalpur, Burla, Hirakud, Jharsuguda, Brajaraj Nagar, Belpahar and Paradip have been prepared and objections were invited from the people of the concerned towns on the draft plans.
The database was being prepared for another 20 towns after GIS mapping and survey conducted through remote sensing. The draft master plan of all these towns will be prepared soon, while the Government has decided to prepare the master plan for all 106 towns and soon will be implemented.
Master plan for the towns is essential for the preparation and monitoring the land use control. Comprehensive Development Plan is also required for town planning and to provide basic infrastructure to people.
Even though the preparation of master plan for town development has to be developed in every two to three years, development plan in several towns are not prepared in the last several decades. For example, the last master plan for Berhampur was prepared in 1969.
Due to lack of the comprehensive development plan, unauthorised colonies in the towns are mushrooming haphazardly, while people are facing numerous difficulties in constructing houses.
Traffic snarls and scarcity of drinking water in the new areas of the towns are witnessed every day with the absence of proper master plan for a town.
Smart Cities Mission
Smart Cities focus on their most pressing needs and on the greatest opportunities to improve lives. They tap a range of approaches – digital and information technologies, urban planning best practices, public-private partnerships, and policy change – to make a difference. They always put people first.
The objective is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solutions. The focus is on sustainable and inclusive development and the idea is to look at compact areas, create a replicable model which will act like a light house to other aspiring cities. The Smart Cities Mission is meant to set examples that can be replicated both within and outside the Smart City, catalyzing the creation of similar Smart Cities in various regions and parts of the country.
Five Odisha cities have been selected in the list of 100 cities approved by the Union Cabinet on Wednesday. These include – Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Rourkela, Sambalpur and Baleswar.
The smart cities project has been approved with a total budget of Rs.48, 000 crore.
AMRUT Mission (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation)
It is an urban transformation scheme with the focus of the urban renewal projects to establish infrastructure that could ensure adequate robust sewerage networks and water supply.
The state government approved 53 urban projects with a total investment of Rs 538 crore under the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT).
The scheme, launched in nine urban places in the state since 2015-16 fiscal, has aimed at strengthening drinking water distribution network, development of sewerage system, storm water management, up-gradation of city transport system and development of amusement parks.
Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Puri, Berhampur, Rourkela, Sambalpur, Balasore, Bhadrak and Baripada are the nine places where the scheme is being implemented with fund sharing patter of 50:50 between the Centre and state government.