22.10.18 Odisha (OPSC) Current Affairs

ODISHA

·        98 cyclones hit Odisha from 1891 to ’18

ð  While the east coast of India is one of the most cyclone-prone areas in the world, Odisha is twice as vulnerable as compared to the other eastern States. ð  During the last decade, Odisha faced one or other forms of disasters like cyclone, flood, tornado or drought every year. ð  From 1891 to 2018, the numbers of cyclones, Severe Cyclones and Super Cyclones that crossed the Odisha coast were 98, which is the highest in all the east coast States. ð  The latest report of the State Government on ‘Vulnerability to Cyclone’ reveals that while Odisha is only 17 per cent of the Indian east coast, it has been affected by nearly 35 per cent of all cyclone and Severe Cyclones that have crossed the east coast. ð  Odisha faced another devastating Super Cyclone on October29-31, 1999 which crossed near Paradip on October 29, killing of over 10,000 people. ð  The State faced its first Very Severe Cyclone on October 31, 1831 which crossed the coast near Baleswar and the loss of life was a whopping 50,000.

 

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

  • India is world’s most depressed country

 

  • According to a World Health Organization report, India is the world’s most depressed country, closely followed by China and the US.

 

  • According to the 2015-16 National Mental Health Survey (NMHS), every sixth person in India needs mental health help of some sort.

 

  • At least 6.5 per cent of the Indian population suffer from some form of the serious mental disorder.

 

 

 

NATIONAL

 

  • India’s first Cryptocurrency ATM opens in Bengaluru

 

  • Despite the government and Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) crackdown on cryptocurrency in India, virtual currency exchange Unocoin has installed a currency deposit and dispensing ATM at Kemp Fort Mall in Bengaluru.

 

  • The kiosk, installed by Unocoin, allows its customers to deposit and withdraw minimum amount of Rs 1000 from the platform.

 

  • First of its kind in India, this ATM circumvents the RBI regulation against bitcoins transaction.

 

 

·        UIDAI proposal for SIM cards impacts privacy

 

  • In a grave infringement of privacy, the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) and Department of Telecommunications (DoT) have announced a proposed process wherein live photographs along with location and time stamp will be captured for the purpose of issuing SIM cards.

 

  • In the proposed process, a live photograph of the person with latitude, longitude, and time stamp will be captured. The photo of his/her ID such as Aadhaar card, voter ID, etc will be captured. The SIM card agent will be authenticated through OTP and a SIM card will be issued.

 

  • Taking the photo ID such as Aadhaar card for offline verification is against the Aadhar Act itself. The UIDAI had previously informed the apex court that it was not possible to track the Aadhar holder by location. Experts have said if this proposal is implemented, it will become a form of mass surveillance.

 

  • Furthermore, if in future, telecom companies decide to issue SIM cards at home, as part of customer choices, this adds to the mass surveillance by private companies.

 

 

 

·        Union Government launches Swastha Bharat Yatra campaign to create awareness about Food Safety

 

 

  • The Campaign is Launched by Central Government association with the State Government and it is led by theFood Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
  • The ‘Swasth Bharat Yatra’ is launched simultaneously at Leh(in Jammu & Kashmir), Panaji(Goa), Thiruvananthapuram(Kerala), Puducherry, Ranji(Jharkhand) and Agartala(Tripura).

 

 

·        Detailed Project Report is set for new rail corridor

 

  • The Detailed Project Report (DPR) is set for the proposed 510-km third and fourth rail line from Thiruvananthapuram to Kasaragod to improve connectivity and operate more trains to the Kerala State. Kerala Railway Development Corporation Ltd(KRDCL) gave its approval for appointing Systra as the general consultant.
  • Systra, the Paris-based engineering and consulting group, has been appointed as general consultant for preparing the DPR, which includes the traffic study, initial design, and financial model. It also includes the internal rate of return for laying the line on a cost-sharing basis between Railways and the State through KRDCL.