Irrigation and Hydropower of Odisha
Irrigation assumes a noteworthy part in destitution diminishment and financial development. State Government is giving high need to Irrigation Development. The state has a developed place that is known for 61.80 lakh hectares.
It has been surveyed that 49.90 lakh hectares can be brought under water system scope through significant, medium and minor (stream and lift) water system ventures. Water system improvement has not made much progress in the state in the pre-freedom time.
Scarcely 1.83 lakh hectares of water system offices were made. After presentation of Five Year Plan by Govt. of India in 1951, endeavours were made for fast outfitting of water assets and much accentuation was laid to quicken the water system advancement.
A decent number of significant, medium and minor water system ventures have been built in the state amid most recent six decades, in this manner expanding water system offices from 1.83 lakh hectares in 1951 to 36.47 lakh hectares in 2016. The water system offices made through various sources are given beneath.
Water system Potential Utilization •
The water system potential made and used since 2000-01 is given in the accompanying table. The hole • between potential made and used is credited to many components, yet the primary reasons are outdated LIPs, MIPs, disintegration of circulation frameworks of water system ventures. Activities have been taken to limit the hole between potential made and used. Channel • framework change works in a portion of the major and medium water system ventures were finished through various plans. At display following plans are being actualized to limit the hole between potential creation and usage.
- State subsidized Canal Lining and System Rehabilitation Program (CLSRP) and RIDF • supported by NABARD are being executed for trench framework change works of significant, medium and minor water system ventures.
Another plan “Recovery of old LIPs” initiated to revieve outdated LIPs.
Odisha Comunity Tank Management Project (OCTMP) supported by World Bank and RR&R subsidized by Government of India are being executed for restoration/modernisation of derilict/mostly derilict MIPs.
Trench framework change work of 11 noteworthy and medium water system ventures and 1400 lift Irrigation ventures are additionally being executed under ADB subsidized Odisha Integrated Irrigated Agriculture and Water Management and Investment Projects (OIIAWMIP).
Notwithstanding above, CAD and WM works have been scaled up in various major and medium water system ventures to limit the hole.
1.Major & Medium Irrigation Sector It has been assessed that 31.30 lakh hectares cultivable land can be brought under irrigation through major & medium irrigation projects. By end of March 2016, irrigation facilities of 14.00 lakh hectares has been created. At present 20 major & medium irrigation projects to provide irrigation to 4.38 lakh hectares are in progress. Following table represents the status of ongoing major and medium irrigation projects in the state as on 31.03.2016.
- Minor Irrigation (Flow)
It has been evaluated that 9.70 lakh hectares of cultivable land can be given water system offices through minor (stream) ventures. By end of March 2016, water system offices has been made in 6.30 lakh hectares. MI association of DOWR is looking after development, operation and support of Minor Irrigation (stream) ventures with water system summon zone more than 40 hectares. The MIPs with water system summon zone under 40 hectares are cared for by Panchayati Raj Department.
- Lift Irrigation
It has been surveyed that 8.90 lakh hectares of cultivable land can be given water system offices through smaller scale Lift Irrigation Projects. By end of Walk 2016, water system offices of 6.34 lakh hectares has been made. Furthermore, water system offices of 2.70 lakh hactares made through as of late propelled Bore
Schemes / Programmes
Following Schemes / Programmes are beingimplemented for irrigation development.
Accelerated Irrigation BenefitProgramme AIBP).
Rural Infrastructure Development Fund(RIDF).
Biju Krushak Vikash Yojana (BKVY)
Japan International Co-operation Agency(JICA)
Odisha Integrated Irrigated Agricultureand Water Management InvestmentProgramme (OIIAWMIP)
Odisha Community Tank ManagementProject (OCTMP)
Dam Rehabilitation and ImprovementProject (DRIP)
Check Dam construction programme.
Deep Bore-well irrigation programme.
Repair, Renovation, Restoration of waterbodies. (RR&R)
Megalift Construction Programme.
Canal Lining & System RehabilitationProgramme (CLSRP)
Revival of defunct LIPs.
Hydropower of Odisha
Odisha has number of rivers, although all are not perennial. Hirakud dam is the largest dam in the India on Mahanadi, which makes a large basin in Odisha. Below are the major rivers in state:
Major hydroelectric project in state:
Below are the major hydroelectric projects in state
- Balimela Reservoir
The Balimela Reservoir is situated in Malkangiri locale, Odisha, India on the stream Sileru which is a tributary of the Godavari river. The gross stockpiling limit of Balimela store is 3610 million cubic meters.
Andhra Pradesh (AP) and Odisha states went into assentions to build Balimela dam as a joint undertaking and offer the Sileru stream waters accessible similarly at Balimela dam site. Odisha built up the 360 MW (6 × 60 MW units) control house by occupying the Balimela waters to the Potteru sub-waterway bowl. A flood at Surlikonda over the Potteru stream was built to divert the release from Balimela Power House into two principle channels for water system; one on the correct side named Tamasha Main Canal and the second on the left side named Gompakonda Main Canal. These two channels were built under the Potteru Irrigation Project for water system in Malkangiri area, the most in reverse locale of the state and in this way lifting the expectation for everyday comforts of the occupants. Two more power age units 75 MW each were added under stage-2 to build the introduced limit up to 510 MW.
The offer of Andhra Pradesh from the accessible water in the Belimela is discharged downstream into the waterway for producing hydro power situated at Upper Sileru, Donkarai and lower Sileru Hydro control stations at last using the water for water system in the Godavari delta amid dry season.
- Chipilima Hydro Power plant
Chipilima Hydro Electric Project (CHEP) is a hydropower plant found iat Chipilima, Sambalpur, Odisha, India.
The Odisha government has plans for the modernisation of fifth and sixth unit of Burla Hydro Electric Project (BHEP) and third unit of Chipilima Hydro Electric Project (CHEP) amid the eleventh five year design tenure. which as a result prompt modernisation and remodel of the first and the second unit of Chipilima Hydro-Electric Project (CHEP) has been finished extending the life span of these two units. This venture being a piece of the other hydro electric activities of Odisha aggregately contributed 5234 million unit in 2005-06, to 7354 million units in 2006-07, and to 7883 million units in 2008-09.
- Hirakud Dam
Hirakud Dam is worked over the Mahanadi River, around 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) from Sambalpur in the territory of Odisha in India. Behind the dam expands a lake, Hirakud Reservoir, 55 km (34 mi) long. It is one of the main major multipurpose waterway valley ventures began after India’s autonomy.
- Indravati Dam
Indravati Dam is a gravity dam on the Indravati River, around 90 km from Bhawanipatna in the province of Odisha in India. It is associated with the primary Indravati supply by means of 4.32 km long and 7 m dia head race burrow intended for a release limit of 210 cumecs and ending in a surge shaft. As of now it is the biggest power delivering dam in eastern India with a limit of 600 MW.
The Upper Indravati Project imagines preoccupation of water of the Indravati stream in its upper ventures into the Mahanadi waterway bowl for control age and water system. Notwithstanding the power house, the venture included development of 4 dams over the Indravati and its tributaries, 8 dykes and two between connecting channels to frame a solitary supply with a live limit of 1,435.5 Million m3 and a flood crosswise over Hati stream in Mahanadi waterway basin.
- Jalaput Dam
The Jalaput Dam is a hydroelectric dam based on the Machkund River, a tributary of the Godavari River in India which ascends in the Mudugal slopes of Visakhapatnam District and adjacent Ondra Gadda it turns into the limit between Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. For more than 48 km the waterway runs almost north along a winding course through the Padwa Valley. Around 48 km south of Jeypore, it twists westbound along the edge of the Plateau and after that all of a sudden tums at a short point toward the south-west down a lofty plunge prevalently known as Duduma Falls.
OPSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for OPSC Prelims and OPSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by OPSC Notes are as follows:-
- OPSC Mains Tests and Notes Program
- OPSC Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program
- OPSC Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program
- OPSC Detailed Complete Prelims Notes