Climatic Regions Of India




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: Koeppen’s Classification

 

Climate Type

Climatic Region

Annual Rainfall in the Region

Amw
(Monsoon type with shorter dry winter season)

Western coastal region, south of Mumbai

over 300 cm

As
(Monsoon type with dry season in high sun period)

Coromandel coast = Coastal Tamil Nadu and adjoining areas of Andhra Pradesh

75 – 100 cm

[wet winters, dry summers]

Aw
(Tropical Savanah type)

Most parts of the peninsular plateau barring Coromandel and Malabar coastal strips

75 cm

BShw
(Semi-arid Steppe type)

Some rain shadow areas of Western Ghats, large part of Rajasthan and contiguous areas of Haryana and Gujarat

12 to 25 cm

BWhw
(Hot desert type)

Most of western Rajasthan

less than 12 cm

Cwg
(Monsoon type with dry winters)

Most parts of the Ganga Plain, eastern Rajasthan, Assam and in Malwa Plateau

100 – 200 cm

Dfc
(Cold, Humid winters type with shorter summer)

Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and parts of Assam

~200 cm

Et
(Tundra Type)

Mountain areas of Uttarakhand

The average temperature varies from 0 to 10°C

Rainfall varies from year to year.

E
(Polar Type)

Higher areas of Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh in which the temperature of the warmest month varies from 0° to 10°C

Precipitation occurs in the form of snow

 

 

 

 

 

 

: Trewartha’s Classification

 

Climate Type

Climatic Region

Other Cliamatic Condtions

Am
(Tropical Rain Forest)

Western coastal region, Sahayadris and parts of Assam

200 cm annual rainfall  &

18.2 C to 29 C temperature

Aw

(Tropical Savanna)

Peninsular India except the semi arid zone

150 cm annual rainfall &  18 C-32 C temperature

Aw
(Tropical Savanah type)

Most parts of the peninsular plateau barring Coromandel and Malabar coastal strips

75 cm

BS
(Semi-arid Steppe type)

Runs southwards from central Maharashtra to Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh

40-75 cm annual rainfall & 20-32 C temperature

BSh
(Tropical and subtropical Steppe)

Ranges from Punjab to Kutch

Annual temperature 35 C & 30-60 cm annual rainfall

BWh
(Tropical Desert)

Western parts of Barmer, Jaiselmer and Bikaner and parts of Kutch

Annual Temperature 35 C & annual rainfall 25 cm

Caw

(Humid Subtropical Climate with dry winters)

It ranges from Punjab to Assam

Rainfall from 100-150 cm

H (Mountain Climate)

Mountain areas of Himalayas including Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh

 

The average temperature varies from 0 to 10°C.

 


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